Wednesday, October 26, 2011

Newsstands

A few people have asked about my story on the city's newsstands and their history, originally published in Forgotten New York, September 2008. So I thought I'd reproduce it here, with a few updates and new photos of newsstands lost.

In the fall of 2007, the old, ramshackle, idiosyncratic newsstands that long graced our city’s streets began to vanish, replaced by “ticky tacky boxes,” the identical steel and glass street furniture brought to New York by the Cemusa company of Spain. When their task is completed, they will have installed 330 franchise locations, seizing over 200 once-private businesses from their long-time owners. (As the New York Times explained, "Before 2003, newsstand operators paid the city a licensing fee, but owned and paid for their newsstands and, under certain circumstances, could sell them. Now the newsstands are owned by Cemusa" and "the newsstand operators do not share in advertising revenues.")

Plans to replace the city’s newsstands have been in the works for years. It was part of Giuliani’s quality of life campaign. But it was Bloomberg who made it happen when he signed the street furniture bill in 2003, aiming, in his own words, “to rationalize the streets of the city, where right now it's a hodgepodge of unattractive things.”

That sentiment was hardly a new one. It seems the city has been waging war on its newsstands for the past century.


West 4th: Before


West 4th: After

In 1911, the city tried to revoke news vendors’ licenses for obstructing the sidewalks. The vendors revolted. William Merican, president of the Newsdealers’ Association, argued eloquently on their behalf, saying, “Why, there are some men who cannot eat their breakfast without a newspaper. Think of the women in the crush of the subway and elevated. They are exposed to every kind of indignity and hardship. They buy newspapers to make them forget their misery. If the public cannot get their newspapers on the street, they will find the inconvenience intolerable.” Mayor Harrison agreed and the newsstands stayed put.

Pressure to remove these so-called obstructions continued through the years and still goes on today. Along the way, every decade also had its “smut drive” to stop the sale of salacious materials. The city pushed and the vendors pushed back. But it was perhaps in 1923 that the unstoppable drive to beautify the newsstands was born.

The New York Times wrote that year, “Why should the sidewalk news stand remain in the architectural class of the squatter’s shanty and the chicken coop? Why shouldn’t it be beautiful or at least not offensive to the eye? The Municipal Art Society asks these questions and replies: ‘There is no reason why the news stand should not be in artistic harmony with the splendid skyscraper at whose feet it nestles.’” They offered the following design:



In 1950, the newsstands in the IND subway were to be “dolled up” with chrome, pastel colors, and attendants in uniform who were instructed to say “thanks.” In 1963, to “improve the city’s appearance for the New York World’s Fair” the newsstands got another proposed overhaul: “The gun-metal gray stands will be made of sturdy insulated steel with a baked enamel finish,” and come complete with heating, burglar alarms, and fluorescent lighting.

Throughout the 1970s, it seems the city was too busy with other issues to waste its time hassling news vendors. But in the 1980s, they were back at it. A competition was held in 1988 to redesign the stands. The winner said the old stands were “terribly disorganized. They also produce visual clutter because of their tendency to grow with add-on attachments.”


14th and 8th: Before


14th and 8th: After

I don’t know what became of all these plans and designs. Maybe a few of the old stands were replaced, here and there, but that only increased their variety. Even the overhaulers of 1988 wanted variety. Said architect Bartholomew Voorsanger, “What's appropriate for Fifth Avenue might not be right for the SoHo cast-iron district.” But Giuliani and Bloomberg wanted uniformity from one end of the city to the other, and that’s exactly what they’re getting. By the end of 2009 the job will be done. (Update: In 2011, it's still not complete.)

Until then, take time to enjoy the cluttered, unruly, iconoclastic newsstands that remain. Like birdwatching, hunting down the endangered stands, identifying their particular colors and characteristics, can be sport photography.


14th and 6th: Before


14th and 6th: After

While hunter green is the most popular color, they can also be found commonly in white, black, brown, and red. Some have striped fabric awnings that roll out, while others feature skylit overhangs or dilapidated duckbills. Some roofs are flat, others are pitched, and a few are topped with copper flashing and finials. One breed comes with heavy-duty storm lamps protected by metal cages, lending it a sturdy tugboat look. Here and there, a showpiece is found, like the Italian-made cast-iron pagoda at West 4th and 6th Ave, or the sprawling multigonal kiosk at Union Square Park.


1551 Broadway: Before


1551 Broadway: After
Some newsstands stand out as expressions of their owners’ personalities. A favorite in Harlem, Mike’s Newsstand and Candy Land, run by Michael Chappell out of a 75-year-old stand, features cartoon characters on its sign. Writes Mary Miles in Harlem Live, “This is more than just a location to get your daily newspaper and candy. It is a warm, friendly place where everyone knows each other.”


University near 9th: Before


University near 9th: After

Petrella’s Point was perhaps the most famous city stand. “For 30 years,” writes EV Grieve, “Adam Petrella ran the funky newstand with the directions at Bowery and Canal called Petrella's Point. (You might remember his portraits of Bruce Lee and Marilyn Monroe that adorned his stand.).” Petrella was removed in 2004. He died not long after. The remains of his stand are preserved in the City Reliquary.

In 2006, photographer Rachel Barrett began seriously capturing the old stands with her camera. On her website, where you can see samples from the collection, she writes, “I was driven by a sense of nostalgia, a need to hold on, a refusal to let go. Photographs allowed me to do that, not just document something but record the end of an era, the what was that will never be again.”


Union Square: Before


Union Square: After

Another victim of New York’s massive shift towards uniformity and away from the renegade eccentricities that long made our city great, these fading newsstands recall to mind the following words from Jackie Kennedy Onassis:

"Is it not cruel to let our city die by degrees, stripped of all her proud monuments, until there will be nothing left of all her history and beauty to inspire our children? If they are not inspired by the past of our city, where will they find the strength to fight for her future? …this is the time to take a stand, to reverse the tide, so that we won't all end up in a uniform world of steel and glass boxes."

For these stands, it’s already too late.


See Also:
More Newsstand Deaths
Newsstand Slaughter
Hojo's Lost Newsstand
Another Newsstand
Union Square Newsstand
Jerry's Newsstand

All my newsstand photos on flickr

11 comments:

John M said...

You wrote, "But Giuliani and Bloomberg wanted uniformity from one end of the city to the other, and that’s exactly what they’re getting."

As you know too well, it's not just newsstands. It's everything. There's a kind of fascist style to all of it, along with, in Bloomberg's case especially, a complete lack of understanding of what New York City is and has been, its uniqueness.

He is an out-of-towner, after all, and it shows and show painfully.

Anonymous said...

I've spoken to the man at the 1551 Bway newsstand more than once- he is right under the speakers on ter front of the American Eagle Outfitters store=speakers that BLAST music at him all day long. There was also a NYT article yesterday about the MTA removing garbage cans from subway platforms(and how that made the platforms cleaner!). In the article there was sniping at the platform newsstand on the downtown 8th st & Bway. Are these people the new cabdrivers?

Anonymous said...

I agree with the 1923 NYTimes opinion. Unfortunately what we are getting now goes too far towards sterility.

Kevin Walsh said...

Hey folks, Forgotten NY is in transition over to a Wordpress platform, meaning that over 1000 articles have to be transcribed over from GoLive to Wordpress, so for a few more months, there will be some articles that don't appear on FNY. Jeremiah's feature will be put back eventually, no worries.

forgotten-ny.com

Jeremiah Moss said...

thanks Kevin! good luck with the transition--it's looking good.

bmh said...

More nostalgia for the New York that is fast disappearing, this made me think of "The Cricket in Times Square" !

laura said...

the design for 1923 is stunning. chinese style. what happened to beauty. will new york be one square box?

Jonathan Malamy said...

Hi,
Couldn't figure out how to send you a message so I'm posting as a comment. I am doing some research on newsstands because an ancestor of mine (who arrived in 1889) maintained a newsstand in NYC until his death. It is listed on the census in 1900, 1910 & 1920 & on his death certificate in 1923. Do you know where I might find information about his stand? Where they were registered or with what agency? It sounds like his ownership coincided with the issues you describe in the post. Many thanks in advance. Jonathan Malamy.

Jeremiah Moss said...

Jonathan, good questions. i'm sorry i don't know the answers. maybe someone who reads this blog will know?

Brendan said...

Oddly enough I recently had occasion to learn about this. Newsstands are currently licensed by the Department of Consumer Affairs. I don't know if that existed in the 1910s (probably not), but they may be a good place to start looking for old records.

Anonymous said...

Only in New York!